Gout is an acutely painful condition that usually affects the big toe. It occurs when uric acid crystals form in certain joints, leading to inflammation, pain and swelling. Medications and changes in behaviour can reduce the likelihood of future gout episodes.…
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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is ankle sprain?
Ankle sprains are a common sports injury. An ankle sprain occurs when there is an overstretching or tearing of the ligaments that support the joint, resulting in pain and swelling. Ligaments are a strong connective tissue that hold bones together. Most commonly, …
What is the ankle?
The ankle joint connects the foot and the leg. The ankle joint has three interlocking bones - the shin bone (tibia), a thinner bone running alongside the shin bone (fibula), and the heel bone (talus). The bones are stabilized by muscles, tendons and ligaments. There are …
What are the symptoms of an ankle sprain?
Symptoms of ankle sprain include pain and swelling. The pain is often felt when moving. The swelling can last hours to days, depending on how bad the sprain is. There can also be bruising around the heel.
What are the types of ankle sprains?
Ankle sprains can range from mild to severe depending on the degree of damage to the ankle ligaments: • Mild (grade I) - only minimal stretching or tearing of ligament(s); • Moderate (grade II) - ligament(s) are partially torn, or; • Severe (grade III) …
How is an ankle sprain diagnosed?
Ankle sprain is often diagnosed by physical examination. An X-ray can be taken to check for a fracture. An MRI scan is only performed in cases where a severe ankle injury is suspected.
What is the treatment for a sprained ankle?
If you have sprained your ankle, it is important to: • Stop the activity you are doing; • Rest your injured ankle; • Apply icepacks regularly to the ankle to reduce pain and swelling; • Apply compression using firm bandage to stabilize the joint …
What is the long-term outlook for a sprained ankle?
Once you've sprained your ankle, you are at increased risk of spraining it again. This is because ankle sprains result in stretched and loosened ligaments. If you've sprained your ankle, it is important to take steps to prevent spraining …
About this article
Author: Dr Joanne Van der Velden PhD, BSc (Hons)
First answered: 24 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.2 out of 5
Votes: 662 (Click smiley face below to rate)