A headache can be defined as pain that is felt in the head or upper neck. The type of pain associated with a headache may be described as dull, sharp, constant, throbbing, mild or intense. Headaches are one of the most common health-related conditions and are usually caused by more than one factor.…
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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is a migraine?
A migraine is a type of headache that typically involves throbbing pain, sensitivity to light and sounds, nausea and vomiting. Migraines can worsen with normal activity and can last anywhere from four hours to three days.
What are the symptoms of a migraine?
Some signs and symptoms of migraines can include: auras - these are symptoms that occur before a migraine and include visual disturbances such as flashing lights and blind spots, sensitivity to smell, tingling of face and hands, transient weakness in …
What causes a migraine?
Migraines are thought to be caused by a change in blood vessels to the brain. It may also start like other headaches, with a wave of electrical activity spreading across the brain. This electrical activity is thought to give rise to auras such as tingling in face …
Who gets a migraine?
Migraines can affect anyone. However, there are also with specific risk factors which include: family history - you are at increased risk if other people in your family experience migraines; gender - migraines are four times more common in women than in men, and; age - …
How is a migraine diagnosed?
There is no specific test to diagnose a migraine. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history and symptoms that were experienced at the time. They may also ask you when and how often the symptoms occur, to help identify the cause of the migraine.
How is a migraine treated?
During a migraine, it is best to begin treatment as soon as possible. Treatment can include: taking pain-relief medications such as aspirin or acetaminophen; resting in a quiet, dark, cool room; placing cold packs on the forehead or neck, and; staying hydrated by …
Can a migraine be cured?
There is no cure for migraines. However, it is possible to reduce the likelihood of migraines occurring by identifying and avoiding suspected migraine triggers.
Will a migraine clear on its own?
In most cases a migraine will clear on its own if you follow the basic treatment steps of taking aspirin or acetaminophen and resting in a quiet, cool, dark room. Placing cold packs on the forehead or neck, drinking water and limiting movement can also …
About this article
Author: Dr Nikki Wallis PhD, BSc
First answered: 17 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.8 out of 5
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